This page provides a combined list of the resources linked from each section within Birth to 5 Matters.

Promoting voice and inclusion

The UNESCO Sustainable Development Goals – these cite the importance of children’s voices: “…we need to inspire hope across all sections of society, especially among young people, letting them know that their voices will be heard, their experiences will be acknowledged and their ideas will be anchored in the policymaking process.” (p. xvii)

What children’s perspectives tell us about inclusion – a free OpenLearn course from the Open University

Cole-Albäck, A. (2021) A brief history of children’s rights Birth to 5 Matters document

Summary – United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child

The Index for Inclusion: developing learning and participation in schools, Tony Booth and Mel Ainscow, Centre for Studies on Inclusive Education (CSIE), 2002.


Palikara, O., Castro, S., Gaona, C., & Eirinaki, V. (2018, April). Capturing the voices of children in the Education Health and Care plans: are we there yet? In Frontiers in Education (Vol. 3, p. 24). Frontiers.

Parsons, S., Ivil, K., Kovshoff, H. & Karakosta, E. (2020) ‘Seeing is believing’: exploring the perspectives of young autistic children through Digital Stories. Journal of Early Childhood Research.

Save the Children – children’s voices (blogs from children)

Unicef – Every Child’s Right to be Heard: a resource guide on the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child General Comment no.12, Gerison Lansdown

National Voices – My life, my support, my choice: a narrative for person-centred co-ordinated care and support for children and young people with complex lives. National Voices and Think Local Act Personal


DCSF (2009) Learning, Playing and Interacting, National Strategies guidance document

Whitebread, D., Basilio, M., Kuvalja, M. and Verma, M. (The Importance of Play, report on the value of play and policy recommendations

Stages in pretend play, course handout from York Preschool Speech and Language Program

Yogman,, M. Garner, A., Hutchinson, J., Hirsh-Pasek, K. and Michnick Golinkoff, R. (2018) The Power of Play: A Pediatric Role in Enhancing Development in Young Children, Pediatrics, 2018 Sep:142

Digital Futures Commission (2020) Panorama of Play literature review,

Gauntlett, D., Ackermann, E., Whitebread, D., Wolbers, T. and Weckstrom, C. (nd) The future of play: Defining the role and value of play in the 21st century, Lego Learning Institute

The role of play in any early years setting, Harvard Center on the Developing Child, video

Schemas, pdf handout

Killen, R. (nd) Building the Foundation for Lifelong Learning: An Exploration into the Development of Thinking Skills and Personal Capabilities through Play, project dissertation, St Mary’s University College Belfast

Goldstein, J. (2012) Play in Children’s Development, Health and Well-being, Toy Industries of Europe report

DCSF (2007) Caring for under 3’s … Play, EYFS guidance

DCSF (2007) Messy Play, EYFS guidance

DCSF (2007) Playing and Exploring, EYFS guidance


Resources for Infant Educators (RIE) – website of the RIE Alliance – a network of infant-toddler professionals based in the US

Article: Infant caregiving: How to be responsive, in Texas Child Care Quarterly, Spring 2016 (no author named)

Pikler resources:

Quality improvement and leadership

DfES (2005) Key Elements of Effective Practice (Primary National Strategies),

Babies’ Effective Early Learning (BEEL) – resources on the website of the Centre for Research in Early Childhood

Leuven scale of children’s well-being and involvement – article by Ferre Laevers, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven / Centre for Experiential Education (PDF) (undated)

DCSF (2008) Early Years Quality Improvement Support Programme

Ofsted (2008) Early Years Leading to Excellence

Ofsted (2013) Getting it right first time

DCSF (2010) Challenging Practice to Further Improve Learning, Playing and Interacting National Strategies guidance document


High Quality Transitionsextended article based on the Birth to 5 Matters section on transitions

Transitions case studies – additional material for the Birth to 5 Matters guidance

DCSF (2007) All about…transitions, EYFS guidance

Child Development

Child development overview – document adapted for Birth to 5 Matters from Principles into
, EYFS 2007

The effects of poverty, Child Poverty Action Group, webpage (nd)

Early child development | Inequality: the IFS Deaton Review, webpage (nd)

Funds of knowledge:

Identity and belonging, Aistear Early Childhood Curriculum Framework (nd)

Gauntlett, D., Ackermann, E., Whitebread, D., Wolbers, T. and Weckstrom, C. (nd) The future of play: Defining the role and value of play in the 21st century, Lego Learning Institute

Harvard Centre on the Developing Child (CDC) – many guides, videos, research reports, e.g.:


Flores, I.R. (2011) Developing Young Children’s Self-regulation through Everyday Experiences Young Children, July 2011.

Scaffolding self-regulated learning – Early Learning Consultancy, PDF

In Brief: Executive Function, Skills for Life and Learning – video from the Harvard Center on the Developing Child

How adults and children can build core capabilities for life – video from the Harvard Center on the Developing Child

The MEHRIT Self-regulation resource library for parents and practitioners including:

Checklist of Independent Learning Development (CHILD 3-5) – Cambridge University Faculty of Education

De la Riva, S (2015) Effect of Self-Regulating Behaviour on Young Children’s Academic Success, International Journal of Early Childhood Special Education 7(1):69-96

Education Endowment Foundation (2021) Self-regulation Strategies, EEF Early Years Toolkit

Center on the Developing Child at Harvard University (2014) Enhancing and Practicing Executive Function Skills with Children from Infancy to Adolescence

Characteristics of Effective Learning

Rationale for Characteristics of Effective Learning, extract from the Tickell Report (The Early Years: Foundations for life, health and learning, An Independent Report on the Early Years Foundation Stage to Her Majesty’s Government by Dame Clare Tickell, pp. 85-91) 2011, D16(8857)/0311

Case studies – Characteristics of Effective Learning — what is a child doing, what is the adult role? Birth to 5 Matters document (PDF)

Whitebread, D. (2019) Developing Essential Skills:  Supporting self-regulation in 3-4 year olds Early Years Teachers Handbook, Sutton Trust.

Bristol City Council (2020) Bristol Characteristics of Effective Learning document 

Laevers, F. (Ed) (2005) Leuven scales Well-being and Involvement in Care Settings. A Process-oriented Self-evaluation Instrument, Kind & Gezin and Research Centre for Experiential Education, Leuven University

Prof Ferre Laevers keynote, 2016, Early Years Scotland (video)

Claxton, G. (2003) Learning is learnable – and we ought to teach it, In the National Commission for Education report Ten Years On, edited by Sir John Cassell, 2004

Ackerley, R. (2013) The “Soft,” “Non-Cognitive” Skills are Hard, Cognitive and Critical, blog: The Genius in Children.

Belonging, Being & Becoming – The Early Years Learning Framework for Australia (nd) Outcome 4: Children are confident and involved learners (PDF)

National Scientific Council on the Developing Child (2018) Understanding Motivation: Building the Brain Architecture That Supports Learning, Health, and Community Participation Working Paper No. 14. Harvard Center on the Developing Child.

Hoskins, B. & Deakin Crick, R. (2008) Learning to Learn and Civic Competences, JRC Scientific & Technical Reports, European Commission Joint Research Centre: Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen and Centre for Research on Lifelong Learning (CRELL)

Center for Self-Determination Theory webpages on Basic Psychological Needs and Intrinsic Motivation

Moorhouse, P. (nd) Curiosity.

Ackerman, C.E. (2021) Growth Mindset vs. Fixed + Key Takeaways From Dweck’s Book, Positive Pyschology blog.

Early Learning Consultancy (nd) Supporting children’s intrinsic motivation and growth mindset

Art Costa (2014) What are habits of mind? (video) on James Anderson’s Habits of Mind website,

Lansbury, J. (2014) Don’t help this child, video and blog

Ruckdschel, S. (2013) Building student grit: Is Hard Work and Effort More Important than IQ? Susan Ruckdschel’s Blog for Lteracy Solutions.

Moylett, H. (2021) Persistence is important – some messages from researchTwo short (slightly updated) extracts from Moylett (2013) Active Learning, London: MA Education Ltd.

Sharp, C. (2004) Developing young children’s creativity: what can we learn from research?, NFER

Grainger, T., Craft, A. and Burnard, P. (2007) Examining possibility thinking in action in early years settings

Markham, L. (nd) 12 tips to raise a competent child, Aha Parenting website.

Mindsets – self-theories, page on the Learning-Knowledge website

DCSF (2010) Finding and Exploring Young Children’s Fascinations, The National Strategies Early Years document

Whitebread, D. (2009) Play and Self-regulation in Young ChildrenPresentation to the EARLI Conference, Amsterdam

Play Scotland (2011) Getting it Right for Play – The power of play: an evidence base

DCSF (2009) Learning, Playing and Interacting: good practice in the Early Years Foundation Stage, The National Strategies Early Years document

Experiments and Encounters: examples of Characteristics of Effective Learning in action from Sightlines Initiative:

Dewar, G. (2011-2019) Teaching self-control: Evidence-based tips, Parenting Science website

Early Learning Consultancy (nd) Scaffolding self-regulated learning, handout

Executive function: Resources from Harvard Centre on the Developing Child:

McClelland, M.M., Cameron, C.E., Duncan, R., Bowles, R.P., . Acock, A.C., Miao, A. and Pratt, M.E. (2014) Predictors of early growth in academic achievement: the head-toes-knees-shoulders task Front Psychol. 2014; 5: 599

Hernández M.M., Eisenberg N., Valiente C., Spinrad T.L., Johns S.K., Berger R.H., Silva K.M., Diaz A., Gal-Szabo D.E., Thompson M.S., Southworth J. (2018) Self-Regulation and Academic Measures Across the Early Elementary School Grades: Examining Longitudinal and Bidirectional Associations Early Educ Dev 2018;29(7):914-938

Neuenschwander, R., Röthlisberger, M., Cimeli, P., Roebers, C.M. (2012) How do different aspects of self-regulation predict successful adaptation to school? J Exp Child Psychol 2012 Nov;113(3):353-71

McClelland, M.M., Acock, A.C., Piccinin, A., Rhea, S.A., Stallings, M.C. (2013) Preschool attention span-persistence and age 25 educational outcomes Early Child Res Q. 2013 Apr 1;28(2):314-324.

Inclusive practice and equalities

Resources to support practitioners working with children with special educational needs


The Council for Disabled Children has a huge range of resources to support parents and practitioners, as well as signposts to other organisations.

The Early Support website offers a range of resources for practitioners working in the early years.

The Early Support Developmental Journal can help to plan goals appropriate to needs.

Early Support: Developmental Journal for Children with Multiple Needs offers specific support for children who have Profound and Multiple Learning Needs.

The SEND Gateway is an online portal developed by Nasen, offering education professionals free, easy access to high quality information, resources and training for meeting the needs of children with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND).

The Autism Education Trust has a range of free-to-download resources as part of their modular training programme for professionals in all early years settings. This includes an Autism progression framework linked to the EYFS as well as a set of standards to enable setting to evaluate their own provision.

Autism Transitions: This website is a collaboration between The University of Southampton and Aviary Nursery, Eastleigh, funded by the Froebel Trust.

Inclusion Development Programme: Supporting children on the autism spectrum: Guidance for practitioners in the Early Years Foundation Stage

The Makaton website offers free resources in the Makaton Library. You need to create a free account to access the Library. Topics covered by the free downloads include:

  • Vocabulary
  • Songs and stories
  • Activities and games
  • Reports and guides
  • the opportunity to sign up for sign of the week.

The National Deaf Children’s Society  provides a range of resources for all education professionals working in the early years on deaf friendly teaching and supporting deaf children in the early years. This includes guidance on recognising the signs of hearing loss and helping families of deaf children and those that support them to observe, monitor and record the progress their child makes. Practitioners can also find advice on simple steps that can be taken to improve the listening environment in nurseries, schools, and other education settings.  

The Downs Syndrome Association provides information about children with Downs syndrome for practitioners in early years settings as well as signposting to help with Education Health and Care Plans and Legal issues.

I CAN is the children’s communication charity. Their website offers free downloads that provide information and advice to support any speech, language and communication needs. This includes guidance written by speech and language therapists about what to look for at different stages of language development.

Local resources

Look out for resources on your Local Offer website; here you should be able to find information to support for parents but also services and resources for practitioners in general and SENCOs. Many websites enable you to navigate to a lot of local resources in one place, such as:

Surrey Local Offer A combination of information for parents about processes (such as Education Health and Care Plans) and where to access help at different stages of these processes.

Children’s Health Surrey, another local website that brings together helpful advice sheets, therapy resources and information linked to Speech and language therapy, Occupational Therapy and Physiotherapy.

Bristol City Council: Differentiated Early Years Outcomes is a resource developed to allow practitioners to show progress within EYFS for children who have additional needs and disabilities.

Resources on gender

Resources on race 


Parents as partners

Case study: Parent partnership at Harrington Nursery School

Greshoff, S. (nd) Partnership with parents in Steiner-Waldorf settings

Lucas, B. (2010) The Impact of Parental Engagement on Learner Success, GEMS Education/Centre for Real-World Learning

DCSF (2007) Parents as Partners – Effective Practice EYFS document

Attachment and the role of the key person

Attachment theory, Birth to 5 Matters document

Jools Page’s work on the concept of Professional Love and attachment-based relationships

Quality framework for children under three years of age – International Step by Step Association

Young Children Develop in an Environment of Relationships, Report from National Centre on the Developing Child

Case study from Guildford Nursery School: The key person approach at Guildford Nursery School and My day at nursery school

Supporting development and learning

DCSF (2009) Learning, Playing and Interacting, National Strategies document

DCSF (2007) Supporting Learning, EYFS document

DCSF (2010) Finding and Exploring Young Children’s Fascinations: strengthening the quality of gifted and talented provision in the early years, National Strategies Early Years document

Drummond, M.J. (nd) Wondering and Imagining – a commentary, in R. Duckett, and MJ Drummond, Adventuring in Early Childhood Education, Sightlines

The Life of an Idea [awaiting updated link], Refocus Journal article

Learning environments

Case studies: Learning environments in varied contexts, Birth to 5 Matters document

White, J. (nd) A Good Place to be Two, Community Playthings booklet

Lindon, J. (nd) Cultural diversity in the early years , Community Playthings article

Huleatt, H. (nd) Treasure baskets, Community Playthings website

White, J. (ed) (2017) Loose parts and flexible thinking Early Education Journal no 82, Summer 2017.

Outdoor play

Ouvry, M. (2011) Going out to play and learn, Learning Together series, Early Education

Scottish Government (2020) Out to Play – creating outdoor play experiences for children: practical guidance

Engaging children in physical active play

Natural Play, Natural Growth in the Early Years, Jan White’s website

Early Childhood

UK Chief Medical Officers’ Physical Activity Guidelines (2019)

Communication Friendly Spaces – Elizabeth Jarman’s website

Creative woodworkIrresistible learning – Pete Moorhouse’s website and Woodwork in the early years, Community Playthings booklet

DisplaysHow to make your displays work for the children, Famly Blog

Froebel Trust training and resources pamphlets including Froebel Principles and Practice Today

Sightlines materials

The wider context

DCSF (2007) Effective practice: the wider context, EYFS document

Rethinking Childhood, Tim Gill website

UNESCO, Education for Sustainable Development UN Sustainable Development Goals including Sustainable Development Goals – Resources for educators

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC)

Hackett, A. and Practer, L. (2016) APSE toolkit: An analytical framework for evaluating museum spaces for children and families,

Government of Western Australia Department of Local Government and Communities and Western Australian Council of Social Services (2016) Early Years Network Resource Kit: for starting and sustaining an Early Years Network

Observation, assessment and planning

Explaining the OAP cycle, Birth to 5 Matters document

Chesworth, L. (nd) Observing, recognising and responding to children’s funds of knowledge and interests

Chesworth, L. and Wood, E. (nd) Using the observe-plan-cycle to co-construct the curriculum with children

Professional reflective practice, Birth to 5 Matters document

Case study: Involving other professionals, Birth to 5 Matters document

Case study: Using OAP as quality improvement, Birth to 5 Matters document

Examples of OAP process:

Case studies on the Characteristics of Effective Learning (includes OAP), Birth to 5 Matters document

Pen Green Centre, Charnwood Nursery School and Rowland Hill Nursery School (2018) A Celebratory Approach to SEND Assessment in the Early Years,

Chilvers, D. (Ed) (2018) Observing Children’s Development Part 1, Early Education Journal no 84, Spring 2018.

Allingham, S. (Ed) (2018) Observing Children’s Development Part 2, Early Education Journal no 85, Summer 2018.

Aguirre Jones, D. and Elders, L. (nd) Reflecting on the reflective cycle, in ReFocus Journal 9, Sightlines Initiative..

Sully, A. (nd) The role and responsibility of documentation, in Refocus Journal 3, Sightlines Initiative.

Ofsted (2015) Teaching and Play in the Early Years – A balancing act? 

NCB (2012) A Know-how Guide: the EYFS progress check at age 2

DfES (2007) Creating the Picture, Primary National Strategy document

DCSF (2009) Progress Matters, National Strategies Early Years document

Education Scotland and Scottish government (2020) Realising the Ambitionnational practice guidance for early years in Scotland

Ministry of Education, New Zealand (2017) Te Whāriki: He whāriki mātauranga mō ngā mokopuna o Aotearoa Early childhood curriculum

Overview of Characteristics of Effective Learning and Areas of Learning and Development

Rationale for Characteristics of Effective Learning Excerpt from Tickell Report (The Early Years: Foundations for life, health and learning, An Independent Report on the Early Years Foundation Stage to Her Majesty’s Government by Dame Clare Tickell, pp. 85-91) 2011, D16(8857)/0311

Rationale for Prime and Specific Areas of Learning and Development, Excerpt from Tickell Report (The Early Years: Foundations for life, health and learning, An Independent Report on the Early Years Foundation Stage to Her Majesty’s Government by Dame Clare Tickell, pp. 92-98) 2011, D16(8857)/0311

Personal, Social and Emotional Development

Pikler UK Association

Anna Freud Centre

BBC Tiny Happy People

US-based organisations:

Communication and Language

“Serve and return” interaction, video from Harvard Center on the Developing Child

Case studies of practice, Nursery World

Series of identifiable stages

The importance of the early years, The ESRC International Centre for Language and Communicative Development (LUCID) (video)

Supporting Speech and Language fact sheetThe Communications Trust

Speech sounds, ICAN fact sheet

Stewart, N. (2015) Listen to my idea! Communication and language in the early years in D. Whitebread and P. Coleman (2015), Teaching and Learning in the Early Years, 4th edition

Parents’ resourcesThe Communication Trust

Playful interactions, videos and activities – BBC Tiny Happy People

National Literacy Trust, Words for Life website – activities for parents and support materials

Burke, N. (2018) Musical Development Matters in the Early Years: free downloadable guidance written to support the development of music practice and provision in settings plus free online resources to accompany the guidance: videos, questions for reflection, research, information and downloadable resources

Songs, rhymes and finger play pamphlet, Froebel Trust

The ESRC International Centre for Language and Communicative Development (LUCID) Evidence Briefings:

NCB (2019) Closing the Word Gap with Jean Gross CBE, article, presentation and briefing paper

English as an additional language

Bowen, C. (2011) Brown’s Stages of Syntactic and Morphological Development, Speech-language-therapy website

Talking with parents about children’s SCL Needs, ICAN video

Makaton information, resources and guidance, Makaton website

Physical Development

Short list

Additional resources

Expressive Arts and Design

Burke, N. (2018) Musical Development Matters in the Early Years: free downloadable guidance written to support the development of music practice and provision in settings plus free online resources to accompany the guidance: videos, questions for reflection, research, information and downloadable resources

Sound Communities: free online resource from Creative Futures exploring music and communication, including videos, resources and information

Soundwaves Network: a collection of musically focused case studies

Burke, N. (Ed) (2018) Music in Early Childhood, Early Education Journal no 86, Autumn 2018

Creative Skills Online Podcast from Starcatchers, talking with artist practitioners about ideas for the early years

Penfold, L. (2019) What is the role of materials in children’s learning through art?  Art. Play. Children. Learning. Blog post. Theory-led piece on children’s use of materials,

Hills, P. (2019) Are you dancing? Are you asking? The duet between the body as a material and the environment,  in Materials as provocations: Early Education Journal No 89 Autumn 2019.

Keyte-Hartland, D. (2019) Intelligent Materials: Agency and Ethics, in Materials as provocations: Early Education Journal No 89 Autumn 2019.

Lowings, L. (2019) Thoughtful planning-strategies to liberate innovative and collaborative learning, in Materials as provocations: Early Education Journal No 89 Autumn 2019.

Lowings, L. (2019) “I have lots of ideas, so many ideas you wouldn’t even think of”: thinking conversations in a nursery school, in Communication and language: Early Education Journal No 87 Spring 2019.

We Think Everywhere, website on an Erasmus funded project looking at Creative and Expressive uses of Digital media and technology with young children

Makerspaces in the early years: Enhancing digital literacy and creativity (MakEY) – EU funded project led by Professor Jackie Marsh at the University of Sheffield

Ring, K. (2013) Creative Representation: the child’s unique response to experience, in Early Education Journal, Spring 2013.

Moorhouse, P. (2021) Creative Woodwork in Early Childhood, Birth to 5 Matters document

Parker, L. (nd) Exploring Clay, Froebel Trust pamphlet

100 Languages of Children: The Reggio Emilia Approach: Film from the Loris Malaguzzi International Centre;  Poem from the Reggio Emilia Approach website

Reding, C. (nd) The sounds of leaping – exploring relationships between music and movement, ReFocus Journal 9

Memin, M. and Reding, C. (2008) The energy and conviviality of imagination – exploring and developing ideas through dance and music, ReFocus Journal 6, Winter 2008

Understanding the World

Mirrors Windows and Doors – an online magazine on cultural and multicultural diversity in children’s books

EYFS Science for Starters – activities for children from 4-6 from STEM Learning

Laying the Foundations – edited collection of chapters about the teaching of science to children aged three to six years. Published by the Association for Science Education (ASE) in 2000, now on the STEM Learning website

Fostering curiosity in the early years – Continuing Professional Development Unit from the Primary Science Teaching Trust

Tree tools for schools – activities from the Woodland Trust

Summary of evidence on value of nature to development, Dose of Nature website

Notes from Prof Tina Bruce to support and encourage children, families, practitioners and carers to engage with nature and understand the natural world, Birth to 5 Matters document

Catling, S. (2006). What do Five-Year-Olds Know of the World? Geographical Understanding and Play in Young Children’s Early Learning Geography, 91(1), 55-74.

Creativity in Science and Mathematics Education for Young ChildrenExecutive Summary from Creative Little Scientists project

Digital technologies and the early years, videos and downloadable resources from the National Literacy Trust

Makerspaces in the early years: Enhancing digital literacy and creativity (MakEY) – EU funded project led by Professor Jackie Marsh at the University of Sheffield


Symbolic play, Birth to 5 Matters document

Supporting creativity and enjoyment with literacy, Birth to 5 Matters document

Literacy in the community, Birth to 5 Matters document

Early reading, Birth to 5 Matters document

Early writing, Birth to 5 Matters document

Being a writer at age 2  – Birth to 5 Matters video

DCSF (2008) Mark Making Matters: Young children making meaning in all areas of learning and development, National Strategies Early Years document

Making books with children from The Writing for Pleasure Centre


Learning and Teaching with Learning Trajectories, US-based website on natural developmental progression in learning mathematics from birth to 8

Carruthers, E. and Worthington, M. (2010, revised 2016) Children’s Mathematical Graphics: Understanding the Key Concept, NRICH website

Gifford, S. (2020) The Importance of Shape and Space in the Early Years, NRICH website

Early years mathematics pedagogy: exploration, apprenticeship & making sense, Early Childhood Mathematics Group pedagogy statement

Number and quantity: Williams, H.J. (2019) Mathematics in the Early Years: What Matters? – the first part of an article first published in IMPACT, journal of the Chartered College of Teachers, 2019, on

Solving mathematical problems: Gifford, S. (2016) Mathematical Problem Solving in the Early Years: Developing Opportunities, Strategies and Confidence, NRICH website

Family maths, Everyday Family Math: Supporting Children’s early math learning with fun, everyday activities!, videos from Tandem in partnership with Development and Research in Early Mathematics Education (DREME), Stanford University

Building Firm Foundations in Mathematics documents for three age bands: B-2s, 3-5s & 5-7s from the Early Childhood Mathematics Group

Mathematical moments, examples of practice from birth to 5, Early Childhood Mathematics Group

Boosting children’s confidence in mathsParents fear (math) no more!, blog with tips for parents, Development and Research in Early Math Education, Stanford University

Education Review Office, (2016) Early mathematics: a guide for improving teaching and learning, New Zealand Government

Seeking patterns: Gifford, S. (2019) Developing Pattern Awareness with Young Children, NRICH website

Building on mathematical ideas and pretend play: Carruthers, E. (nd) Open Mathematics, open minds: children’s thinking and mathematics, Community Playthings website

Erikson Institute Early Maths Collective (USA), resources, professional development modules

Development and Research in Early Maths (DREME) (USA) , resources for teachers and parents, blogs, professional development modules

Count with me, leaflets with tips for parents from Surrey County Council

DCSF (2009) Children Thinking Mathematically, National Strategies Early Years document

DCSF (2008) Mark Making Matters, National Strategies Early Years document

Early Years Maths materials to support reception teachers from National Centre for Excellence in the Teaching of Mathematics (NCETM) and a podcast on How children develop mathematical thinking

NRICH EYFS homepage of project aimed at enriching mathematical experiences

Mastery in Mathematics in the Early Years, East Midlands West Maths Hub

Using manipulatives in the foundations of arithmetic, Nuffield Foundation funded research project with resources for teachers