• Be attentive and respond to children’s talk in an appropriate and positive way.
  • Use talk to describe what children are doing by providing a running commentary, e.g. Oh, I can see what you are doing. You have to put the milk in the cup first.
  • Provide opportunities for children to talk with other children and adults about what they see, hear, think and feel.
  • Talk slowly enough for the child to understand.
  • Provide words by labelling objects, actions and abstract things like feelings.
  • Stay with the child while they play, play alongside the child and show attentive companionship as you share conversations.